Typically in professional disciplines, like information systems, and business and management, there will be both academic and professional literature. Both may have a role in the identification of a research theme, but the academic literature contains a firmer theoretical basis, with more critical treatment of concepts and models. Sample Structure for a Literature Review 1. The literature search helps in the identification and location of relevant documents and other sources. What research has already been undertaken on the topic, and is there any research on aspects of the topic that this research might investigate e. Such reviews will include a significant bibliography that may be an invaluable source of reference to other work in the area, even if the review does not match a proposed research topic precisely.
Alternatively, you need to move on to the next stage: Remember to note the sources of ideas, so that the sources can be cited later. Such reviews will include a significant bibliography that may be an invaluable source of reference to other work in the area, even if the review does not match a proposed research topic precisely. Structuring the Literature Review is concerned with identifying the key themes in the review and starting to organize concepts and documents in accordance with the key themes. The exact form of Advanced search facilities vary between the search engines used to locate web resources and those used to search bibliographic databases. Making notes leads to a distillation of key themes and messages.
Literature searching and locating information sources There are a number of different tools to assist in the identification and location of documents in each of the categories discussed above.
One of the most intimidating aspects of a literature review is encountering the messy nature of knowledge. Loosely structured maps appeal to some researchers, whilst others prefer more structured approaches based on principles such as flowcharts, or hierarchies. It is important to recognize cojducting there is no correct answer for a concept map – their purpose is to assist the researcher to develop their understanding.
Start with your library web page; this provides directions to some on-line databases, a portal, or a suitable abstracting and indexing service, such as Emerald for business and management; Conduct a search within the online database, examine the references, and possibly expanded annotations and save or print a list of relevant items.
Resist the urge to use a marker pen on too many large chunks of text – this is really not very helpful, because it avoids the distillation and categorization that is necessary before an integrated literature review takes shape.
A literature review is a summary of a subject field that supports the identification of specific research questions.
Are there links or references to other relevant web, electronic, or print sources? From this review of earlier and recent work, it becomes possible to identify areas in which further research would be beneficial. This is a relatively easy approach for a newcomer to a topic, or even indeed, research, to use. There are numerous topics for which such a search will not necessarily provide a very focused list of references.
Abstract This article offers support and guidance for students undertaking a literature review as part cnducting their dissertation during an undergraduate or Masters course. Who is the intended audience? Remember to note the sources of ideas, so that the sources can be cited later. A concept map is a picture of the territory under study, and represents the concepts in that area and the relationships between them.
Volume 27 Number 6 The headings in the structure can be used to analyze existing documents by making margin comments referring to section of the literature review. Clicking on one of these web resources will display the appropriate web page.
The web provides access to a wide range of information, but these sources are provided by a range of different individuals and organizations, each with their own messages to communicate, and reasons for making the information available. The exact form of Advanced search facilities vary between literafure search engines used to locate web resources and those used to search bibliographic databases.
Scanning documents provides a familiarity with the broad spectrum of documents, and the grouping of documents with similar themes. Another source that needs to be used intelligently is books. The search engine will generate a list of references rowlry web resources in a ranked order that is based on the frequency of, and location of occurrence of the words in the search term.
Rowley Slack 27(6) Conducting a literature review_百度文库
It is therefore important that the literature review is focused, and avoids the more comprehensive textbook-like approach. Rowley, Jennifer and Slack, Frances Conducting a literature review. These should be used sparingly and for special impact. Books include bibliographies or lists of references to other useful sources.
It can be difficult to evaluate web resources. Creating the literature review involves the stages of: This option may also allow truncation of the words in the search statement, and specification of the location of the search terms in the document.
Conducting a literature review
Such a map can be used to: There are two main referencing systems. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd. A literature review is a summary of a subject field that supports the identification of specific research questions.
Making notes leads to a distillation of key themes and messages. liteerature