The issues are further elaborated below. To address all the issues raised on the health of the lake, as detailed above, Government of Manipur has set up the Loktak Development Authority LDA under “The Manipur Loktak Lake Protection Act, Manipur Act 3 of ” with the objective “to provide for administration, control, protection, improvement, conservation and development of the natural environment of the Loktak Lake and for matters connected with as incidental thereto. Loktak one more view. The annual silt flow into the lake is estimated to be , tons. Other reasons for the distress situation in the lake are a jhum shifting cultivation, b extensive deforestation and unscientific land use practices in the catchment areas which bring large amount of silt into the lake and c undefined ownership of the lake where the stakeholders are the districts of Imphal west district, Bishnupur and Thoubal causing lack of integrated approach to the lakes potential for providing benefits. The degradation of the catchment area has occurred.
I loved the place and hospitality by the Manipur people. The western catchment drained by the Kangshoibi River flows into this zone. Archived from the original PDF on 10 April Ramsar sites in India. Visit us on Facebook to stay updated with the latest positive stories!
Loktak lake at Manipur
Interference in navigation and overall aesthetic value of the Lake are other reported adverse effects. The lake fishery is now a mixture of capture and culture systems. Over here USAwe tend to think of India as cities with teeming masses of people. A rich biodiversity with habitat heterogeneity has been recorded during a scientific survey carried esssy between January and December in different habitat patches of the lake.
Considering the ecological status and its essau values, the lake was initially designated as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention on 23 March Excellent informative narrative with the photos that you shot Retrieved 3 April The Loktak lake and its precincts have faced serious problems due to loss of vegetal cover in the catchment area and construction of Ithai barrage at the outlet of the lake for multipurpose development of water resources.
Cretaceous limestonethe Disang with Serpentinites Lower to Middle Eocene —Upper Cretaceousthe Surmas and the Tipams Miocene are the dominant rock formations in the catchment of the Manipur basin.
It serves as a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water supply in the region, other than being the source of income for many fishermen who largely depend loktsk it.
The park is the last natural refuge of the endangered Sangai state animalRucervus eldii eldii or Manipur brown-antlered deer Cervus eldi eldione of three subspecies of Eld’s deer. It serves as a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water supply.
Loktak Lake in Manipur Has the World’s Only Floating National Park
Plants have also degraded due to polluted water. A bronze statue of Netaji Subash Chandra Bose in uniform stands in the lawn.
esaay A rich biodiversity with habitat heterogeneity has been recorded during a scientific survey carried out between January and December in different habitat patches of the lake.
Subscribe to our daily newsletter now.
The zone is separated from the central zone by large phumdis varying thickness of 0. But the avifauna recorded in different habitats of the lake is reported to be declining.
Archived from the original on 21 February It serves as a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water supply. It serves as a source of water ,oktak hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water supply.
Loktak Lake and Manipur in ecological disaster By M Asnikumar
The new fish varieties introduced in lake were grass carp, silver carp and the old varieties of the local fishes like Channa punctatus ngamuAnabas testudineus ukabiAnguilla ngarilpangba, tharak, and ngashap stated to be under serious decline. Human activity has led to severe pressure on the lake ecosystem. It is the main open water zone of the lake, which was relatively free from phumdis in the past, but over the years ‘athaphums’ artificially created phumdis for fishing constructed lakf villagers for fishing have proliferated choking the entire lake.
The population of a number of eesay plants such as Saccharum species, Setaria pumilaAlpinia nigraHedychium spicatum and the major food plants like the Zizania, Latifolia, Carex species, Coix species, Narenga has decreased resulting in starvation conditions for the endangered sangai deer. European Journal of Sustainable Development. Ramsar sites in India.
This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat Also many floating islands called phumdis or phumshongs. Retrieved 30 March To a certain extent the water of the lake can be considered fresh in terms of trace elemental pollutants. Water lilies Nymphaea spp. Deforestation and shifting cultivation in the catchment areas have accelerated the process of soil erosion resulting in the lake’s shrinkage due to siltation.
The State Fishery Department has introduced millions of fingerlings of Indian and exotic major carps. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Livelihood of people dependent on the sale of edible fruit and rhizome of lotus plant products and Euryale ferox manipuur has suffered due to steep decline in the growth of these plant species.